Biostimulation vs Bioaugmentation
Bioremediation uses naturally occurring microorganisms to degrade various types of wastes. Like all living creatures, microbes need nutrients, carbon, and energy to survive and multiply. Such organisms are capable of breaking down chemicals to obtain food and energy, typically degrading them into harmless substances such as carbon dioxide, water, salts, and other innocuous products.
Biological treatment techniques fall into two categories, biostimulation and bioaugmentation. Biostimulation refers to the addition of specific nutrients to a waste situation with the hope that the correct, naturally occurring microbes are present in sufficient numbers and types to break down the waste effectively. This assumes that every organism needed to accomplish the desired treatment results is present. But how can we be certain that those organisms present are the most suitable to degrade all the materials present? And, if the naturally occurring organisms present were truly effective in achieving complete waste breakdown, then why are there problems at sites?
Let’s look at an example. Grease accumulates in sewers and grease traps. Grease is biodegradable and sewers contain a large bacteria population. Nitrogen and phosphorous are in ample supply and most sewers are aerobic in nature. Yet grease accumulates. If the principle that all the necessary organisms are always present in sufficient number and type, then grease breakdown should occur in sewers and grease deposits should be rare.
An alternative approach is to use bioaugmentation, which is the scientific approach to achieving controlled, predictable, and programmed biodegradation. Bioaugmentation involves the addition of specifically formulated microorganisms to a waste situation. It is done in conjunction with the development and monitoring of an ideal growth environment, in which these selected bacteria can live and work.
Bioaugmentation allows one to control the nature of the biomass. It ensures that the proper team of microbes is present in the waste situation in sufficient type, number, and compatibility to attack the waste constituents effectively and break them down into their most basic compounds.
BioWorld Waste & Odor Treatment uses a combination of proper bioenhancement compounds and selected, naturally occurring microorganisms for the complete solution to many waste problems. The special formulations we have developed using biotechnology maximize the ability of the microbes to reproduce and thrive in the waste situation. The addition of appropriate concentrated microbial blends to handle specific waste types completes the approach.
BioWorld allows the user to control the environment where the bacteria live and work. It allows the remediation process to become a controlled process, which results in faster treatment times and more complete waste degradation processes.